There are 15 non-technical things every engineer should know. Without them, you’ll struggle and not reach your full potential.
Surprising to most, engineering isn’t all about numbers and equations. Even more surprising, engineers don’t sit secluded behind desks endlessly solving problems. Don’t believe every Hollywood engineer stereotype you hear.
The truth is, to maximize your success as an engineer, there’s more than meets the eye. Especially today with the internet, where memorizing a bunch of equations holds no value.
So, we’ll go over 15 non-technical things you need to know, to maximize your engineering career.
#1 Build strong relationships
As cliché as it sounds, relationships are key in the corporate world. So, get to know people around you more than a “hi, how are you?”
Then, reach out to people outside your inner circle to build genuine relationships. In the same vein, make smart relationship decisions. If you feel someone did you wrong, don’t immediately burn the bridge. Rather, figure out what went wrong and see if the issue is solvable.
Because you don’t know the role this person may play in your life 10 years down the road. You don’t want a stupid disagreement to ruin future opportunities and a friendship.
#2 Never shy away from asking questions
Asking questions doesn’t make you sound stupid. In fact, it shows you have an interest in a subject. Especially since you’ll never know everything, as subjects are too wide and deep today.
More importantly, you won’t have the time to constantly research what you don’t know. Many sub-specialty niches require years of experience to become proficient. The information can’t be readily searched online or in books either.
By asking questions, you short-circuit the learning process. While at the same time, you limit your mistakes due to ignorance.
And if you act like you know everything, people will assume you do know everything. You’ll then piss off a bunch of people when they find out you in fact know nothing.
Equally significant, don’t ask technical questions in front of clients. Questions, which you should know the answer to, as the so-called “expert.” This applies to other engineers you’re looking to partner with as well. Instead, write your questions down and research them later yourself. Because you don’t want a potential client or partner to think you don’t have what it takes.
#3 Always continue learning
Every engineer should become familiar with the grind of learning difficult subjects. For example, reviewing and trying to understand theorems and complex designs.
Because with the rapid advancement of technology today, you need to stay on the learning treadmill. And formal education is only the first step in your learning journey. I’d go as far as to say, I learned much more on my own than I ever did in school. Especially considering, formal engineering education needs reform.
The great thing is, when you’re passionate about a subject, the knowledge you gain becomes extra sticky. You’re less likely to forget what you learn.
#4 Work in a passion-filled position
If you’re in engineering for money and prestige, you’re in the profession for the wrong reasons. You’ll more than likely fizzle out, or produce just average work.
I’m not saying you can’t make great money or gain prestige in engineering. But the profession is too grueling to be in it for the wrong reasons. The challenges will be overwhelming and you won’t want to deal with the day-to-day bullshit.
Plus, being an engineer doesn’t carry the same clout as it once did. So, work in the profession because you have an interest in a subject and you love waking up to new challenges. In the pursuit, you may even invent a thing or two, and strike it rich.
#5 Listen more, speak less
Don’t constantly try to get a word in, just to hear your own voice. Especially, when you have no knowledge of a given domain. Instead, listen more, to soak in as much information as humanly possible.
It gets tiring fast when someone constantly wants to get a word in, without adding value. Others see through what you’re doing and become frustrated as you’re hampering the discussion.
To make matters worse, a piece of information may not get shared with you if you speak too much. Others will think you already know the answer, because of your know it all attitude.
#6 Understand engineering solutions and problems
All problems have more than one solution. But, some solutions will be more ideal than others. Hence the word “overengineering.”
At the same time, there are countless bad solutions. So, learn the difference between what’s good and bad. For example, the following makes a good solution:
- Simple design
- Of Few parts
- Within budget
#7 Have empathy in business-client relationships
Remember the one online order, which arrived at your door 2 weeks late? Then, when you opened the package, some parts were missing. In frustration, you called customer support to voice your displeasure. But instead of a human operator, you spoke with a tone-deaf machine. Talk about headbanging frustrating!
A client feels the exact same when you do any one of the following:
- Ignore messages
- Deliver projects late
- Submit half-assed work
So, understand your clients are humans too, and they share your same emotions. And as you’re taught in elementary school, treat others the way you want to be treated yourself. In engineering, this means expeditious responses and delivering what you promise.
#8 Master writing skills
Writing is a critical skill for engineers. I know, sounds counterintuitive, because all engineers do is complex math, right?… Far from it!
At some point in your career, you’ll need to convey your thoughts to others. Consider the following written material:
- Procurement and/or construction specs
- Emails to contractors, customers, investors, and service providers
- Design drawing notes
- Technical and project proposal reports
In short, you can’t escape writing as an engineer. And the higher you climb the engineering ranks, the more you’ll write. Check out my following articles to improve your writing as an engineer:
- Master engineering email writing using these 14 tips
- 12 engineering writing tips you need to know
- Engineering writing style guide – 6 things to know
#9 Become a great public speaker
Most engineering positions require a good amount of speaking. Especially, the higher you climb the ranks. If not a crowd, you’ll certainly speak with others one-on-one.
The trick is to learn to speak confidently with crowds. Then, it becomes a breeze to speak with anyone one-on-one. The following are some examples of speaking roles as an engineer:
- Presenting your product and/or service to potential customers
- Discussing project details with customers
- Debating solutions to problems with colleagues
- Explaining heated situations to your boss or customers
Check out my article too on how engineers can improve their public speaking.
#10 Double and triple-check designs and calculations
Don’t ever assume your design and/or calculations are correct on the first swing. All engineers make mistakes. No exceptions!
So use proven engineering review techniques, to check your work. Because a single mistake can cause millions of dollars in damage, or even worse, kill people. Below listed are articles on how I check my design drawings and calculations.
- How to check engineering drawings? 8 things to know
- 5-step process to checking engineering calculations
And if you’re ever unsure about something, then ask for help. It’s always better to say “you don’t know” than to cause problems.
#11 Be confident, not arrogant
Becoming an engineer doesn’t give you the green light to be an arrogant prick. You may think you’re smart, but you just have a highly specialized skill. Just like hundreds of millions of other people.
Go read my “how to humble yourself by looking at stars” article. It’ll give you perspective on your place in the universe. Because no one wants to work with a prick. And to be straight to the point, don’t do any of the following:
- Ignore other people’s opinions
- Purposefully avoid eye contact
- Arrive late
- Use condescending language
- Always think you’re right
- Blame others for your mistakes and shortcomings
Now, you still need confidence. But confidence and arrogance are two separate qualities. Through confidence, you’ll stand tall behind your engineering solutions without being an ass. Even when 10 other engineers are staring you down saying “your design is wrong!”
To point out, confidence allows you to stand tall because you have triple-checked your calculations. Plus, you have successfully completed similar yet more complex projects many times before. So, if you side with the other 10 engineers, people could get hurt.
This is why confidence in high-level engineering positions is highly sought after. You need to make impactful decisions, while people hang off your every last word.
#12 Learn about other engineering disciplines
Don’t put your head down and only focus on your own engineering specialty. The best engineers I know, are experts in their fields. But also, have a broad knowledge of other engineering fields too.
By understanding the work of other engineers, your work will naturally improve. Because the work of all disciplines of engineers fit together like puzzle pieces. So with greater knowledge, you can better navigate puzzle pieces together.
#13 Gain financial knowledge
If you’re not working in a big company, you’ll more than likely directly deal with project finances. So, having a basic understanding of finances can give you a leg up in your work.
For example, with every project, you’ll need to ask and answer the following question:
How to stay within your client’s agreed-upon overall budget?
This is critical, as your budget dictates how you approach your design.
#14 Improve time management
If you’re the brains of a project, you’ll be very busy. So, time management is critical to get through your long daily to-do list.
But let’s not put the cart before the horse. You first need to create a to-do list. I suggest creating daily, weekly, and monthly to-do lists for yourself. This will keep you on track, and you won’t lose sight of any work.
Equally important, learn how to focus. Cut out any and all distractions when you work. For example, a quick search on Reddit can kill hours of your time if you’re not careful. You go check a question, and the next thing you know, you’ve gone down endless rabbit holes. Then, your entire schedule for the day is off.
To improve your focus and productivity, I suggest learning how to work like a machine.
#15 Organize physical and digital files
Organization skills are key to becoming a successful engineer. So, learn how to organize your physical and digital files.
Personally, I hate searching for the same thing twice. It’s the biggest time sink. Thankfully, you can avoid this situation if you stay organized and document your work.
I suggest instantly filing documents as you receive them. Also, save any new work from the get-go, in the right location. Don’t save a document on your desktop, and tell yourself you’ll save it in the right place later. Later may never come, as ten new documents flood your inbox.
“What every engineer should know?” wrap up
Engineering in today’s competitive world requires more than just technical chops. You need to be a Swiss Army Knife, otherwise, you’ll just become another cog in the wheel.
So apply these 15 tips to become a better and more successful engineer.
What do you believe every engineer should know, to have a successful career? What non-technical skill do you find is the most important for engineers?
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Koosha started Engineer Calcs in 2020 to help people better understand the engineering and construction industry, and to discuss various science and engineering-related topics to make people think. He has been working in the engineering and tech industry in California for over 15 years now and is a licensed professional electrical engineer, and also has various entrepreneurial pursuits.
Koosha has an extensive background in the design and specification of electrical systems with areas of expertise including power generation, transmission, distribution, instrumentation and controls, and water distribution and pumping as well as alternative energy (wind, solar, geothermal, and storage).
Koosha is most interested in engineering innovations, the cosmos, our history and future, sports, and fitness.